There have been approximately thirty recognized splinter organizations resulting from Worldwide Church of God - Organizational Splits, although other sources estimate that hundreds of groups have formed from the WCG. It is a common practice of conspiratorial organizations to subdivide and create new fronts with diverse names in order to diffuse public perception of the greater conspiracy which is still intact. This plan goes into action especially when the mother organization is exposed or discredited.

Today, numerous Sabbatarian, Restoration, British-Israel, Messianic and Sacred Name organizations, which have been spawned by the WCG, are carrying on the work of the late Herbert W. Armstrong, indoctrinating new disciples in his British-Israel teachings and worldview. In June 1998, an Israel Identity Conference held in the United States and Australia was promoted and attended by numerous Church of God affiliates and Sabbatarian organizations. These included the Worldwide Church of God, United Church of God, British-Israel World Federation, Global Church of God, Christian Educational Services, Servant's News magazine, Faith in Australia magazine, The Journal newspaper, The Independent Church of God, Perspectives magazine, Alert newsletter, Sabbath History newsletter, The Shofar newsletter, Origins of Nations magazine/History Research Projects. [Craig White, News of the Israel Identity Conference with Dr Rick Sherrod, The Journal, 8-24-98]

According to Personal Freedom Outreach, Christian Education Services is a splinter group of The Way International cult founded in 1985 by Victor Paul Wierwille who denied the Trinity and divinity of Jesus Christ, used only the Aramaic version of the Bible, rejected Sunday worship, denied the Holocaust and, during the late 1960s and 70s, recruited large numbers of young people from the Jesus Movement.

As well, the Israel Identity Conference was promoted by James Trimm of the Society for the Advancement of Nazarene Judaism, which connects through the Messianic Friends Network with numerous Messianic organizations such as Jews for Jesus and Messengers of Messiah. Mention was made in a SANJ message dated 8/17/98 that an international conference is being planned in Jerusalem for several reasons, one being that "Jerusalem is destined to be the capital city of United Israel including both Judah and the Lost Ten Tribes." Another attraction in Jerusalem is the presence of rabbis such as Yair Davidy of Brit-Am Israel. The goal is recognition that the "Jews of Judah" and the Lost Tribes are brothers, to the end they will be reconciled and reunited. SANJ also hosts the Lost Tribes Forum -- "one of several Rabbinic organizations (including Yair Davidy of Brit-Am) which teach that the Lost Tribes migrated to Europe." (8/28/98) Yair Davidy, who denies the divinity of Jesus Christ, also teaches that present day Jews are from the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin and the tribe of Joseph is divided into Ephraim which is Great Britain, and Mannaseh, the United States.

Herbert Armstrong's global agenda is also being fulfilled through organizations like Sir Anthony Buzzard's Restoration Fellowship and the greater Church of God General Council whose publication, The Journal, promotes the Garner Ted Armstrong Evangelistic Association and the Worldwide Church of God. The Journal also lists the Olive-Hebrew Roots CDRom Encyclopaedia promoted by HRM organizations and published by the Saltshakers Ltd in London. The Olive-Hebrew Roots CD-Rom carries articles written by Andrew Gould, Jacob Prasch, and acknowledged kabbalist, Avi ben Mordecai, among other Messianic teachers.

On his Restoration Fellowship web page, Sir Anthony Buzzard explains the Hebrew Roots Concept of Christianity. One issue of the COG Journal announced a Hebrew Roots conference to be held at the Atlanta Bible College where Sir Anthony serves on staff:

"The conferees will study the 'Hebrew roots of our faith' [and] our biblical unitarian heritage as expounded by such distinguished persons as Sir Isaac Newton and John Milton." [both famous English Rosicrucians-BA]
A pastor of a major Hebrew Roots organization, Messengers of Messiah, Peter Michas subscribes to the doctrines of the Jerusalem School of Synoptic Research, a non-Christian Jesus Seminar-type think tank which denies the inspiration of the Greek New Testament. The JSSR is a "consortium of Jewish and Christian scholars" who, like the Unitarian Anthony Buzzard, deny the deity of Jesus Christ, identifying Him as being merely "like other Jewish sages of that time."

Having rejected the Greek New Testament, Peter Michas substitutes rabbinic literature (the Babylonian Talmud, Mishnah, Midrash) and other Judaic writings as the interpreter of New Testament doctrine. Notwithstanding this departure from Scripture, The Christian Conscience maintains a link promoting Messengers of Messiah. Also, published in their Jan/Feb '98 issue was a favorable review by Lynn Leslie of Peter Michas' book, The Rod of an Almond Tree in God's Master Plan, which undermines the doctrines of the Substitutionary Atonement and the Trinity.

Watch Unto Prayer has posted our own research of Peter Michas' book, which consists of excerpts from The Rod of an Almond Tree categorized by doctrine, along with statements from heretical and occult sources which present identical doctrines. As I read this book and other writings of Peter Michas, I wondered at the strange assortment of doctrines expounded as "new revelations" that the reader is informed have been lost upon the Church for centuries due to religious tradition. It was upon reading Joseph Hopkins' critique, The Armstrong Empire, that I would recognize the Hebrew Roots' doctrines as nearly identical to Herbert Armstrong's teachings some 50 years previous:

"Among these were denial of the Trinity and the personality of the Holy Spirit, insistence on the seventh-day Sabbath and compliance with Jewish feasts and dietary laws, denunciation of Christmas and Easter as pagan holidays, and the belief that the "lost ten tribes" of Israel have survived to the present day, and that the Anglo-Saxon people of England and America are the lineal descendants of Ephraim and Manasseh. (The Armstrong Empire, p.18)
"Armstrong...purports to declare "the astounding, but little known facts" concerning "the True New Testament Church of Jesus Christ"...through subsequent centuries to the present day. With the congregation at Pella as headquarters and those at Antioch and Ephesus as secondary centers, the authentic Christian witness was preserved. "Rome," it is emphasized, "was never the parent or Headquarters church... What was the "Synagogue of Satan?" The Armstrong history identifies it as "the great apostate church" of Rome -- adding that Rome's "many Protestant daughters...are also Satan's churches. All the revered giants of Christendom -- Augustine, Luther, Calvin, Wesley, Jonathan Edwards -- were, he would have us assume, either frauds or fools." (The Armstrong Empire, pp. 56, 57, 100)
"Armstrong argues at great length that Jesus was crucified on Wednesday and resurrected on Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath, largely in order to do away with the basic assumption behind Sunday observance -- that Jesus arose on the first day of the week. His objections to the Good Friday and Easter observances, almost universal throughout Christendom, provide added incentive to the effort to establish a different Holy Week calendar... A more sophisticated and complex version of this argument is developed by [WCG Ambassador College Dean] Herman Hoeh in a 47-page booklet published in 1959. Again the reasoning rests on interpretations that have been discredited by reputable scholars. During the week of the crucifixion, says Hoeh, there are two Sabbaths, one of which came on Thursday, the day after the crucifixion...Hoeh takes this as...proof of the Wednesday crucifixion." (The Armstrong Empire, pp.110-11)
Peter Michas postulates a "three Sabbaths" theory in his attempt to establish the fact that Jesus was crucified on Wednesday and arose on Saturday - a new revelation that is calculated to invalidate Western Christendom which assembles for worship on Sunday. Sabbatarian cults have missed the fact that the New Testament does not enjoin Christians to keep the Sabbath. Rather, they meet to worship on the Lord's Day, a different day of the week with a different observance altogether.

The problems regarding the Sabbath began when the Roman Catholic Church called Sunday the Sabbath.  The first day of the week is not the Sabbath -- it is the Lord's Day.  Sabbatarian groups use this misnomer to call attention to the fact that Saturday is the true Sabbath -- which it is.  However, they miss the point of the New Covenant that Christians are not bound to the Sabbath observance as were the Old Testament Jews. Romans 14 deals with the issue of Christian liberty, condemning neither those who observe, nor those who do not observe, one day of the week above another.  The Galatians, like the Judaized Christians of today, were in bondage to observing days, desiring to be under the law.

"But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage? Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years. I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labour in vain." Galatians 4:9-11
The late Charles L. Feinberg, Professor of Semitics and Old Testament at Talbot Theological Seminary [Los Angeles, CA]wrote, over fifty years ago, a doctrinal treatise on The Sabbath and The Lord's Day.  Therein, Dr. Feinberg ably refuted the argument that the third commandment -- "Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy" -- is binding upon Christians:
"In writing to the Colossians Paul says : 'Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body (substance, or reality) is of Christ' (2:16, 17). That the Sabbath was to be done away was not a truth foreign to the Old Testament either, for Hosea says: 'I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts' (2:11).

"But our legalists protest that we must have some law. Surely you cannot expect us to believe that it is not wrong to steal, kill or commit adultery in this age, they contend. We do not expect such a thing. God has taken care of this problem also. Every moral principle contained in the ten commandments has been reiterated under grace by the Spirit in the form of an exhortation with the single exception, mirabile dictu, of the commandment to keep the Sabbath. The commandment to have but one God is reiterated in Paul's statement: 'There is one God' (I Tim. 2:5). The second commandment is found in the exhortation: 'Neither be ye an idolater' (I Cor. 1:7); the third 'But above all things, my brethren, swear not' (Jas. 5:12); the fourth is nowhere in the New Testament; the fifth: 'Honour thy father and mother' (Eph. 6:2); the sixth 'no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him' (I John 3:i5); the seventh: 'whoremonger and adulterers God will judge' (Heb. 13:4); the eighth: 'Let him that stole steal no more' (Eph. 4:28); the ninth: 'Lie not one to another' (Col. 3:9); the tenth: 'But fornication and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you' (Eph. 5:3)."

Ignatius, who was the bishop of Antioch subsequent to the Jerusalem Council [see Acts 15], was forced to deal with the Judaising heresy in the late first century until his martyrdom in Rome c. 110 A.D. The Encyclopedia Britannica entry on Ignatius of Antioch states that "Ignatius apparently fought two groups of heretics: (1) Judaisers, who did not accept the authority of the New Testament and clung to such Jewish practices as observing the Sabbath, and (2) the Docetists..."  Dr. Feinberg cites this early Church Father's position on Sabbath-keeping:
"Ignatius, died about A.D. 110, wrote in his Epistle to the Magnesians: 'Be not deceived with heterodox opinions, nor old unprofitable fables. For if we still live according to Judaism we confess that we have not received grace. For even the most holy prophets were persecuted, being inspired by His grace, to assure the disobedient that there is one God, who is His Eternal Word.... If they then who were concerned in old things, arrived at a newness of hope, no longer observing the Sabbath, but living according to the Lord's Day, by which our life sprung up by Him and by His death (whom certain persons deny) can we live without Him, whose disciples even the prophets were, and in spirit waited for Him as their Teacher? Wherefore, He whom they justly waited for, when He came, raised them up from the dead.... We have been made His disciples, let us live according to Christianity.'"
Dr. Feinberg lamented the cause of the Judaizing mischief: "What floundering in the Scriptures do we find when men are not anchored to the moorings of grace and dispensational truth."  The Old Testament Sabbath prefigured the Lord Jesus Christ, Who is Himself the believer's Sabbath (rest) every day of the week.  The Judaizing heresy is based on rejection of the finished work of Jesus Christ in general and, specifically, the substitutionary aspect of Christ's atonement as symbolized by the scapegoat in Leviticus 16:10 "But the goat upon which the lot fell, to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive unto the Lord, to make an atonement with him..." Herbert Armstrong would have his followers believe that Satan is the atonement for sin. Peter Michas misses the point entirely.
Herbert Armstrong: "With the Seventh-Day Adventists, Herbert W. Armstrong identifies Satan -- not Christ -- as the scapegoat upon whose head 'the responsibility for sin will be placed.'" (Joseph Hopkins, The Armstrong Empire, p.143)
[(Armstrong's] Bible Story Vol. III, p. 32, states that the Scapegoat, as pictured in Leviticus 16th chapter, represented the Devil. However, Isaiah 53:10-12 and 1 Peter 2:24 state that the Son of God is the Sin-bearer or the Scapegoat. [WCG VS. COG (7th day)]
Peter Michas: "The fate of the unrepentant man, represented by the scapegoat, was to go to a place of desolation and separation from God." (Rod of an Almond Tree, p. 241)
Having misinterpreted Leviticus 16, Peter Michas contradicts II Corinthians 5:21:
Peter Michas: "Yeshua did not literally become sin, but the totality of humanity's sin (both past and future) was imputed to Him on the tree. Because Yeshua was sinless and could not retain sin, the authors belief the sin was sent back to Satan by means of the man who chose Satan as his master." (Rod of an Almond Tree, p. 240)
II Corinthians 5:21: "For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him."
Other doctrines held in common by Peter Michas and the late Herbert Armstrong are the Oneness, Unitarian and British-Israel doctrines.
Herbert W. Armstrong taught: " the 'Oneness' people, that the Jehovah or Yahvah of the Old Testament is the Jesus of the New. With several exceptions, the YHVH of the Old Testament is the Father who created everything through His Son, however." [WCG VS. COG (7th day)]
Peter Michas teaches: ""To understand the true relationship of God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit, it is essential to preserve the concept of oneness . . . In the Old Testament Hebrew, the Tetragrammaton (YHVH) is translated LORD and refers to Yeshua. Therefore, 'the Lord your God' is a reference to 'YHVH/LORD your Elohim.' This shows that YHVH is a oneness with the plurality of Elohim." (The Rod of an Almond Tree, p. 256, 259)
Like Unitarians Herbert Armstrong and Sir Anthony Buzzard, Peter Michas denies the doctrine of the Trinity. Note the impersonal terms used by Peter to describe the Holy Spirit as being other than a Person:
"The unity of Yeshua HaMashiach with God the Father and the Holy Spirit has never been clearly understood from the doctrine of the Trinity..."

"To understand the true relationship of God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit, it is essential to preserve the concept of oneness..."

"The aspect of the Father may be simply understood as the Will of God. The aspect of the Son may be understood as the Word of God. The aspect of the Spirit of the Holy One may be understood as the Power of God..."

"To say God is three 'persons' opens the door to misunderstanding God. God is Spirit and cannot be reduced to the concept of a person..."
"The Spirit of the Holy One is the very essence of the power of God the Father and not some separate entity." (The Rod of an Almond Tree, pp. 255-57)


The main doctrine of the Worldwide Church of God, however, maintains that the Anglo-Saxon races are the lost tribes of Israel. A brief history of WCG and its doctrine of British-Israelism may be found on the Religious Tolerance website: Anglo-Israelism; British-Israelism; Worldwide Church of God.

The chief purveyor of British-Israelism is the Merovingian Prieuré de Sion, the central command of all secret societies, which plans to place one of their Jewish bloodline on the throne of the rebuilt Temple in Jerusalem. This positioning of a false messiah, whom the world will worship as Christ, has been carefully planned and executed over many centuries. The grand scheme of the Prieuré de Sion will culminate, according to former Grand Master, Sir Isaac Newton (1691-1727) when the secret societies "bring Jesus down" to earth.

"9:26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
"...The last missing week: 62+7+1=70 starts in 1996 and runs for 7 years. Half-way through - in 2000 we bring down Jesus causing the sacrifice to cease:
"9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate."
Isaac Newton's interest in Hebraic studies is documented in The Rosicrucian Enlightenment by historian Frances Yates, who confirms Sir Anthony Buzzard's description of this most famous of the English Rosicrucians:
"Newton's historical attitudes, his intense preoccupation with apocalyptic prophecy, would have made him intensely aware of the apocalyptic interpretations of the near extinction of Protestantism in Europe ...The approach to Newton through Rosicrucian alchemy might help, not only to unify his physical and alchemical studies, but also to integrate with these the Hebraic piety behind his historical studies." (p. 205)
The Merovingian legend misrepresents Jesus Christ as a member of the Essene Community of Qumran (also called Nazarenes), whose messianic vision was to unite Jew and Gentile in order to deliver the world from the power of the evil Roman Empire. According to Merovingian lore, Jesus married Mary Magdalene and fathered children. When Jesus failed in his mission, Mary and Joseph of Arimethea fled from Israel to Europe. The royal bloodline of Jesus Christ, claim the Rosicrucians, continued in Great Britain as the Merovingian dynasty. Another version of the British-Israel doctrine maintains that the ten northern tribes of Israel migrated from their captivity in Assyria to the British Isles.

Hebrew Roots leader Michas plainly teaches the British-Israel doctrine of Yair Davidy and Herbert Armstrong in Chapter 6 of his Study of Revelation:

A look at several verses in Genesis and other related passages, will give further insight into the full meaning of verse 6. "Indeed I will greatly bless you, and I will greatly multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your seed shall possess the gate of their enemies" (Genesis 22:17). The word translated "gate" means strategic sea gates, the sea lanes of world trade. The countries that have and do possess these lanes are the United States, Britain, Canada, and Australia.
"And the L-rd was with Joseph, so he became a successful man. And he was in the house of his master, the Egyptian" (Genesis 39:2). In Genesis 39:23, we read that "The chief jailer did not supervise anything under Joseph's charge because the L-rd was with him; and whatever he did, the L-rd made to prosper." The covenant blessing was given to Joseph and then to Ephraim and Manasseh (Genesis 48). This covenant blessing is also shown in Deuteronomy 33:13-17. In verse 17 of this passage, it speaks of an ox or wild ox. In Hebrew, the word is unicorn. It also speaks of the first-born, but it is actually talking about not just the first-born but includes the offspring of the future. Those who would come from Joseph, Ephraim, and Manasseh would be the head, not the tail, and would receive the choicest blessings under the sun from the sea and the world. Where on the face of this earth has more food produce, minerals, sea trade, and commerce? The free nations, the Gospel- preaching nations. Do any other nations fit the picture of receiving the blessings promised to Joseph, Ephraim, and Manasseh? China and the nations of South America and Africa do not fit this picture. NO!
As we mentioned, the word in Deuteronomy 33:17 translated "ox" is actually "unicorn." This is most important as the symbol of England is the unicorn. Verse 17 continues with "With them he shall push the peoples." Who will? The nations of the unicorn. Those are the ten thousands of Ephraim and the thousands of Manasseh. There are hundreds of Biblical references which show us the picture of these nations as the descendants of these three men.
There are stipulations to the blessing bestowed on these men and their seed. Leviticus 26:1-18 deals with Israel before the dispersion. In verse 19, we see the dispersion; this occurred around 700 B.C. when they were dispersed into Assyria. After the time of the Greek and Roman Empires during the middle ages, the entire Assyrian Empire moved to France, Germany, and northern Spain. They were scattered and made a part of these nations. The teachers and educated ones of ancient Babylon had been brought to Rome during their occupation by the Greeks. This explains why it can be read G-d calling certain places Assyria or Babylon in Revelation; He is referring to the places where these peoples settled. When hearing "Assyria," we think of where it used to be. G-d is referring to the places where these people are today or will be at the end time referred to in Revelation.
According to Peter Michas, the Unicorn, alluded to in Deuteronomy 13:13-17 by the patriarch Jacob, symbolizes the Anglo-Saxon nations which would descend from Joseph and become preachers of the Gospel:
"And of Joseph he said, Blessed of the Lord be his land... let the blessing come upon the head of Joseph, and upon the top of the head of him that was separated from his brethren. His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Manasseh."

British-Israelites, such as Gene Scott or Bible Restoration Ministries, ascribe pagan Celtic emblems to the tribes of Israel:

"Instead of trying to identify each tribe as a specific modern nation, we note that ancient Israel traveled in four brigades of three tribes each (see the on-line tract, "What Is The Gospel?" - listed under Bible Doctrines, and also the reference given there to Alfred Edersheim's "History of the Old Testament.") Each of these brigades had a dominant tribe; these were: Judah, Ephraim, Reuben, and Dan. These four tribes provided four chief emblems: Lion, Ox or Unicorn, Man, and Eagle or Serpent. To quote briefly from W.H. Bennett, "Of the twenty-two tribal emblems of ancient Israel, at least nineteen still are, or until very recently have been, emblems of one or another section of the Celto-Saxon people. We also noted that, of the four Brigade emblems, two, the lion and the Eagle, are the chief emblems of Britain and the United States; that another, the Man, is a prominent feature of the official Arms of Denmark, Iceland and Greece; and that the Ox is also common to the heraldry of several sections of the Celto-Saxons. So all four of Israel's Brigade emblems are in use among the Celto-Saxons today." (Symbols Of Our Celto-Saxon Heritage, page 89)
According to Bloodline of the Holy Grail, the unicorn is a mythological beast typifying the virile Christ. An entire chapter is devoted to "The House of the Unicorns," which is purported to be the Sang Raal or sacred bloodline of Jesus Christ, whose bride was claimed to be Mary Magdalene, here referred to as the Sacred Prostitute.
"We have already seen that the 'Horn' of the Unicorn was equivalent to the 'Blade' in Grail lore, and both were represented by the male symbol L . Along with the Davidic Lion of Judah and the Franco-Judaic fleur-de-lys, the Desposynic Unicorn was incorporated in the Royal Arms of Scotland. The Unicorn was considered to correspond to the virile Jesus, and was related to the anointing (Messianic) imagery of Psalm (sacred song) 92:10. The mystic beast was among the foremost symbols of the Albigensian Cathars, who were so hideously persecuted by the Inquisition. In medieval legend the Unicorn was always associated with fertility and healing, and Renaissance tapestries portray his head in the lap of the Bride. This alludes to the ancient ritual text for the Sacred Marriage (the Hieros Gamos), 'The king goes with lifted head to the holy lap,' as originally expressed in the poetic rite of old Sumerian Mesopotamia-the land of Noah and Abraham." (p. 315)
Predictably, we are given to understand that the House of the Unicorns are the chosen people of God to overthrow the antichrist Roman Church which, allied with the monarchies of Europe during the Middle Ages, dealt harshly with the Merovingian lords. That their crimes were heresy, occult practices, and subversion is not mentioned:
"The Cathars believed that only the Christine horn of the Unicorn could purify the false doctrines that flowed from the Roman Church, and in this regard the revered creature was often portrayed with his horn dipped into a stream or fountain. Other depictions show the Unicorn trapped within an enclosed garden - confined, but very much alive. The seven tapestry panels of la Dame a la Licorne at the Cluny Museum in Paris were originally from medieval Lyon. The seven Flemish Hunt of the Unicorn panels in the cloisters of the Metropolitan Museum, New York, come from 16th-century Languedoc, and show the Unicorn being chased and persecuted. When captured, he is sacrificed, but is then seen alive and well in the garden of the Bride. This is a direct replication of the story of Jesus.
"The mythological symbolism of the Unicorn was central to the so-called heresies of Provence that were so brutally condemned by the Church. It was by no chance that the fabulous beast of the Grail bloodline found in his place as guardian of the Lion in the Arms of Scotland, along with the early Christian sign of male and female unity (L +V=X) - the well- known Saltire, popularly identified as the cross of St Andrew." (pp. 315-16)
King David, from whom the British-Israelites claim direct descent, made reference to the lions and the unicorns in Psalm 22.  In this prophecy of Jesus Christ's most bitter and yet finest hour of shedding His precious blood for sin, David records Christ's petition of the Father for deliverance from the violence of the lion and the unicorn:
But you, O Lord, do not withdraw your help from me: look towards my defense. Rescue my soul, O Lord, from the spear, my only soul from the hand of the dog. Save me from the lion's mouth, and my lowliness from the unicorn's horns. Psalm 22:19-21
The Pharisees who demanded the crucifixion of our Lord were the teachers whose oral traditions made the Word of God of none effect. As the Lions and Unicorns, these Kabbalists would have been the spiritual forefathers of the Merovingians. Considering their ancient heritage, it is no surprise to find favorable references to the Pharisees in Merovingian, Kabbalistic and Hebrew Roots literature.


The Scottish Stewarts claim to be the sacred Merovingian dynasty, rightful heirs of the thrones of Scotland, England and, therefore, of the lineage of Jesus Christ. The Stewart genealogy, however, is currently contested by other claimants to the dynastic line. The Forgotten Monarchy of Scotland lists other "sacred families" which were related to Scotland's contender and king, Robert the Bruce.

"...Robert the Bruce succeeded not only as King, but also as a hereditary priest of the royal line. From the time of King Duncan I, son of Archpriest Crinan MacDonachadh, the concept of the monarch's dual priest-kingly role (both as sovereign and religious patriarch) had remained at the root of Scottish culture... Conventional history ignores the fact that Bruce was not only the Patriot King of his people, but was also Head of the Columban Kindred of their ancient Church. This inheritance was passed down to his Stewart grandson Robert II when he succeeded in 1371. At that time, others belonging to the sacred family included the McNabs, Rosses, Sinclairs, Robertsons, Dunbars, Dundasses, Wemysses, Abernethys, MacDuffs, Leslies, and Mackenzies, along with the Chiefs of Clan Chattan, the Cummings of Altyre, the Celtic Earls of Atholl, the Mackays of Strathnaver, and the Lindsays of Crawford." (Element Books, p. 79; also p. 35)
Recently, James Trimm of the Society for the Advancement of Nazarene Judaism, posted the Scottish Declaration of Independence, which was Scotland's Written Constitution of 1320 established at the time of Robert the Bruce. According to the Declaration of Arbroath, posted also by the Constitution Society, the "sacred families" who were among its signatories believed that they were the Israelites who were previously in bondage in Egypt. Several of the surnames of signatories of the Declaration of Arbroath are the sacred families also mentioned in The Forgotten Monarchy of Scotland:
"Written in fluent Latin, the Declaration of Arbroath reads in English as follows: To the Most Holy Father in Christ and Lord, the Lord John, by divine providence Supreme Pontiff of the Holy Roman and Universal Church, his humble and devout sons Duncan, Earl of Fife, Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray, Lord of Man and of Annandale, Patrick Dunbar, Earl of March, Malise, Earl of Strathearn, Macolm, Earl of Lennos, William, Earl of Ross, Magnus, Earl of Caithness and Orkney, and William, Earl of Sutherland; Walter, Stewart of Scotland, William Soules, Butler of Scotland, James, Lord of Douglas, Roger Mowbray, David, Lord of Brechin, David Graham, Ingram Umfraville, John Menteith, guardian of the earldom of Menteith, Alexander Fraser, Gilbert Hay, Constable of Scotland, Robert Keith, Marischal of Scotland, Henry St. Clair, John Graham, David Lindsay, William Oliphant, Patrick Graham, John Fenton, William Abernathy, David Wemyss, William Mushet, Fergus of Ardrossan, Eustace Maxwell, William Ramsay, William Mowat, Alan Murray, Donald Campbell, John Cameron, Reginald Cheyne, Alexander Seton, Andrew Leslie, and Alexander Straiton, and the other barons and freeholders and the whole community of the realm of Scotland send all manner of filial reverence, with devout kisses of his blessed feet.
"Most Holy Father and Lord, we know and from the chronicles and books of the ancients we find that among other famous nations our own, the Scots, has been graced with widespread renown. They journeyed from Greater Scythia by way of the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Pillars of Hercules, and dwelt for a long course of time in Spain among the most savage tribes, but nowhere could they be subdued by any race, however barbarous. Thence they came twelve hundred years after the people of Israel crossed the Red Sea, to their home in the west where they still live today. The Britons they first drove out, the Picts they utterly destroyed, and even though very often assailed by the Norwegians, the Danes and the English, they took possession of that home with many victories and untold efforts; and, as the historians of old time bear witness, they have held it free of all bondage ever since. In their kingdom there have reigned one hundred and thirteen kings of their own royal stock, the line unbroken by a single foreigner.
"The high qualities and deserts of these people, were they not otherwise manifest, gain glory enough from this: that the King of kings and Lord of lords, our Lord Jesus Christ, after His Passion and Resurrection, called them, even though settled in the uttermost parts of the earth, almost the first to His most holy faith. Nor would He have them confirmed in that faith by merely anyone but by the first of His Apostles by calling, though second or third in rank, the most gentle Saint Andrew, the Blessed Peter's brother, and desired him to keep them under his protection as their patron for ever..."
Of the sacred families of Scotland, the Leslie Clan is of unique interest to our inquiry. The Clan Leslie Society presents the following Brief History Of Clan Leslie:
"All Leslies, regardless from where in Europe they came to America, descended from the same Scottish Clan and Great Family, one of the very oldest. It began in 1069 when the Saxon claimant to the throne of England, defeated by William the Conqueror, fled to Scotland. Edward, the Aetheling as he was called, arrived there with his mother, an Hungarian Princess, and his two sisters. They were cordially received by the King, Malcolm III Canmore. A year later the King married Margaret, one of the sisters, who became a great Queen of Scotland and a saint of the Christian Church. Her Chamberlain, Bartholomew, an Hungarian nobleman, an extremely capable and physically powerful man, had much impressed King Malcolm who made him commander of Edinburgh Castle. He married Beatrix, the King's sister in 1070 and thus the family and Clan of Leslie was founded. Granted lands in the Garioch, the Parish of Leslie not far from Aberdeen, became the first family seat and it is from there that Clan Leslie obtained its name. The present Leslie Castle, built on the site of the first stronghold, recently was completely rebuilt and restored by Baron David Leslie who lives there with his family.
Genealogical charts of Edward The Exile Atheling document that the offspring of Edward included Margaret who married Malcolm III, King of Scots. They produced Mary of Scotland who married Eustace III of Boulogne, the brother of Godfrey de Bouillon who with the Crusaders captured Jerusalem in 1099. Because Godfrey de Bouillon and his brother, King Baldwin I of Jerusalem, lacked children, the descendants of Eustache are considered rightful claimants of the throne of Jerusalem and the Davidic Bloodline.

Contrary to the Leslie Clan account, the Hungarian nobleman who accompanied Margaret, was in fact named Bartholomew Ladislaus Leslyn and the Leslie Clan derived its name directly from Bartholomew.  Furthermore, according to a recent New Age book, Rosslyn: Guardian of the Secrets of the Holy Grail, William the Conqueror, who led the Norman conquest of England in 1066, was William St Clair -- which explains why the "Lordly line of the High St Clairs" became the first family of the "sacred" Merovingian dynasty of Great Britain. The following history of the St Clairs shows the origins and early prominence of the Leslie clan, their kinship to the St Clairs and their significance in the tradition of the Knights Templar.

The St Clairs of Roslin can trace an unbroken ancestry back to Rognvald the Mighty, Earl of More, an area on the north-west of Norway. . .It was Rognvald's second son, Hrolf, or Rollo, who provides the direct biological link with the dynasty whose exploits form such an unbroken record of service, loyalty and courage that they became known to later generations as "Lordly line of the High St Clairs".

Rollo invaded the north-west of what is now France and established his own personal fiefdom in Nuestria [Normandy]. . .

The new duke, like all his ancestors, was warlike, prolific in breeding and, above all, shrewd in the way of the world. He extended his lands by conquest and his influence by alliance and marriage with the leading aristocratic families of the time, including those of Chaumont, Gisors, d'Evreaux, and Blois, the family of the Counts of Champagne.  William the Conqueror who seized the throne of England in 1066, was a direct descendant of Rollo, and many of the knights who accompanied him across the Channel were members of the wider St Clair family.

The first member of the family to come to Roslin, William the Seemly St Clair, came by a rather strange route, from Normandy via Hungary, to Scotland in 1057. He arrived there with the knight Bartholomew Ladislaus Leslyn as escort to Princess Margaret, who was to marry King Malcolm of Scotland. As a mark of the king's appreciation, William was granted lands at Roslin and also became the queen's cupbearer. This event is commemorated at Roslyn Chapel by the carving on the south wall often referred to as "two brothers on one horse". This shows the knight Leslyn, the ancestor of the Leslie family, on horseback with the future queen riding pillion.  The queen is carrying a symbolic representation of the relic known as the Holy Rood, which was part of her dowry. Thus the carving celebrates the arrival of the Holy Rood in Scotland, . . .and also provides an acceptable vehicle for the heretical Templar emblem of two brothers on one horse.

The first of the St Clairs to be born in Scotland, a certain Henri de St Clair, accompanied Godfroi de Bouillon to the Holy Land in 1096 and was present at the fall of Jerusalem. He was accompanied by knights from eleven other leading Scottish aristocratic families. Representatives of all twelve families met regularly at Roslin prior to that crusade and for many centuries afterward. The meetings originally took place at the [Roslin] castle and later, after 1490, at the chapel. They continued on a regular basis until the late eighteenth century, when all hopes of a Stuart had died. The group included ancestors of the Stuarts, with whom the St Clairs made marital alliances: the Montgomerys, the Setons, the Douglasses, the Dalhausies, the Ramsays, the Leslies, the Lindsays, and the St Clairs.  A group of families linked by marriage, blood and shared loyalties and beliefs who were involved with the Templars throughout their history, with the propagation of their traditions after the suppression, with early Freemasonry in Scotland and with support for the Stuart cause. Recent studies of the Rex Deus legend have suggested that the Stuarts were actually descended from leading families among the hierarchy in Biblical Israel at the time of Jesus, and even that the Stuart dynasty is still extant to this day. It is reasonable, therefore, to presume that these beliefs in their biblical dynastic roots were shared by these twelve families who were so committed to both the Templars and the Stuarts. [Timothy Wallace-Murphy and Marylyn Hopkins, Rosslyn: Guardian of the Secrets of the Holy Grail, Element Books, 1999, pp. 198-200]

The mysterious "Holy Rood" mentioned in this excerpt is claimed by the Merovingians to be a piece of the Cross of Christ.  Apparently, the Leslie Clan were guardians of this Holy Rood, which may explain why Lynn Leslie wrote favorable review of Peter Michas' book, The Rod of an Almond Tree in God's Master Plan (based on the Cross relic superstition) in The Christian Conscience magazine.  Lynn Leslie's book review was posted on the Messengers of Messiah website, which is now defunct; Leslie wrote also wrote a short review for Amazon Books

The flattering account of "Lordly line of the High St Clairs" (above) is put into perspective by a more objective history of William the Conqueror by D.C. Douglas.  It seems that William was the illegitimate son of Robert II, who was called "the Devil of Normandy", apparently because he murdered his elder brother -- Richard II the Good, the 4th Duke of Normany -- in order to obtain his title:

"Rolf [Rollo], was the leader of a band of Viking raiders who, for many years, pillaged Scotland, Ireland, and Gaul. . . [William's father] Robert became Duke of Normandy after the sudden and suspicious death of his older brother Richard in early August 1027. His illegitimate son, William, by Herleve of Falais, was probably born in the autumn of 1028. William succeeded his father as Duke William II of Normandy, when Robert died in early July 1035 at Bythinian Nicaea in Asia Minor while returning from a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. Thirty years later, when Edward the Confessor died, William claimed that Edward had promised him the succession to the throne of England. When his claim was rejected, he obtained papal approval for an invasion of England and defeated King Harold at the Battle of Hastings on Saturday 14 October 1066."
Andrew Leslie, the great grandson of Bartholomew Ladislaus Leslyn and Beatrix, the sister of Edward Atheling, was a signatory of the Scottish Declaration of Independence and another famous ancestor of the sacred Leslie clan:
"Bartholomew's son Malcolm was knighted by King David and had the Leslie lands confirmed to him by royal charter, the oldest personal land charter in Aberdeenshire. He also was appointed Commander of the Castle of Inverurie, a position held by several of his successors. His grandson, Sir Norman, was the first to have the family name recorded in a charter. He was one of the magnates of Scotland who sat in the parliament called by King Robert the Bruce in 1314. His son Andrew, the 6th Lord Leslie, was one of the great barons of Scotland who, in 1320, signed the Declaration of Arbroath, a call to freedom not to be equaled again anywhere until the American Declaration of Independence. With his sons begins the spread of the family through several branches."
We do not know if Sarah and Lynn Leslie subscribe to this sort of elitism based on "sacred bloodlines", however, we do lack a better explanation for their affiliation with prominent individuals who advocate British-Israelism, such as Peter Michas and Sir Anthony Buzzard. Also a member of the "sacred bloodline" is Phyllis Schlafly, whose Eagle Forum Alerts are circulated throughout the Discernment network. Prior to her marriage to Fred Schlafly, Phyllis Schlafly was Phyllis Bruce Stewart, making her a blueblood of both the Bruce and Stewart lineages. This information was documented at the Parsons Technology Genealogy Online, but is no longer available online:
9656. Phyllis Bruce STEWART (15) was born on 15 Aug 1924 in ST. LOUIS, MO..(15) She resided Fairmount in ALTON, IL..(15) She received a degree in Bach. of Arts, Washington Univ in ST. LOUIS, MO.. (15) She received a degree in Master of Arts, Harvard Univ..(15) Very active in all levels of political life and womens rights. Author of many books concerning National defense.
She was married to John Frederic SCHLAFLY II (son of John Frederic SCHLAFLY I and Eleanor LYONS) on 30 Oct 1949 in ST. LOUIS, MO..(15)John Frederic SCHLAFLY II was an Attorney in ST. LOUIS, MO.. (15) Phyllis Bruce STEWART and John Frederic SCHLAFLY II had the following children:

10538 i. John Frederic SCHLAFLY was born on 25 Nov 1950 in ALTON, IL.. (15)
10539 ii. Bruce Stewart SCHLAFLY was born on 7 Mar 1955 in ALTON, IL.. (15)
10540 iii. Roger Sherwood SCHLAFLY was born on 16 Oct 1956 in ALTON, IL.. (15)
10541 iv. Phyllis Stewart SCHLAFLY was born on 11 Jun 1958 in ALTON, IL.. (15)
10542 v. Andrew Layton SCHLAFLY was born on 27 Apr 1961 in ALTON, IL.. (15)
10543 vi. Anne Valle SCHLAFLY was born on 16 Nov 1964 in ALTON, IL.. (15)

Although there is no minor contention as to whether the Stewart bloodline later became the Stuart dynasty, it is well known that Robert the Bruce was in the royal bloodline of Scotland. After the death of William Wallace (Braveheart) in 1305, Robert Bruce contended for Scottish independence with King Edward I of England. Robert's son, Robert I Bruce, was crowned king of Scots in 1314 and he declared Scottish independence after defeating Edward II at Bannockburn. Robert the Bruce was not only the liberator of Scotland but also Priest-King of the Celtic Church, Sovereign Grand Master of the Order of the Knights Templar and the founder of the Order of the Rosy Cross:

When Hugues de Payens and the Knights Templar had first returned from Jerusalem in 1128, they brought with them the secrets of the Master Mason, Hiram Abiff, the builder of Solomon's Temple. However, their Jerusalem excavations had also led to other important discoveries, including some ancient documentation which enabled them to challenge certain Roman Church doctrine and New Testament interpretations, particularly in relation to the Crucifixion and the Resurrection. For this reason, the Knights Templar refused to bear the upright Latin Cross, and wore an eight-pointed, centered cross as their emblem...

"In 1307...Under the auspices of Robert the Bruce and the excommuncated clergy, the Order was restructured into a Church, with a hierarchy quite independent of Rome. The Templar Church had abbots, priests, and even bishops... The Knights began to train the army of Robert the Bruce in the hit-and-run tactics of warfare established in the Crusades... The Roman Church may have betrayed the Templars, but in Scotland they found something far more trustworthy and tangible: a sacred royal house and a Priest-King of the Celtic Church succession...

"...The King of Scots was installed as the hereditary Sovereign Grand Master, and from that time, whichever descending King held that office, he was to be known as 'Saint Germain.' A new Order was then formed, called the Elder Brothers of the Rosy Cross, and several of the Rosy Cross Knights then sailed to France for a meeting with Pope John XXII at Avignon...

"Many historians have presumed therefore that the Knights Templars must have disbanded in Scotland, but this was not the case; it was simply that Bruce had contrived the secret Order to become even more secretive. Indeed, the Order of the Knights of the Rosy Cross had been established by Bruce for Templars who had been valiant at Bannockburn, and this was a very successful cover." (Prince Michael Stewart, The Forgotten Monarchy of Scotland, pp. 60-1, 63-65)

Another prominent Evangelical leader of dual pedigree found among the sacred families of Scotland is Pat Robertson (see list of sacred families in Forgotten Monarchy, p. 79). Anton Chaitkin's outstanding article exposing the British Subversion of America: Militias and Pentecostalism mentions Pat Robertson's descent also from Winston Churchill, who was a member of the Ancient Order of Druids.

"Observe the Pat Robertson empire. Robertson writes that his family's aristocratic lineage, linking it to the British Churchill family, gave his mother, Gladys Churchill Robertson, confidence that Pat would succeed. His father, Sen. A. Willis Robertson, was London's and Wall Street's chairman of the Senate Finance Committee."
Pat Robertson's religious profiteering is legendary, from his use of Operation Blessing airplanes to transport equipment to his diamond mine in the Congo, to support for violent dictators such as President Mobuto of Zaire and Rios Montt of Guatemala, to the sale of his Family Channel to Rupert Murdoch for $1.9 billion. The latest capitalist venture on the money trail of Pat Robertson was the reinvestment of his profit from selling the Family Channel in an aborted deal with the Bank of Scotland to make use of his financial services company to enter the American market. Prior to his career as a televangelist, Pat Robertson worked for two years as financial analyst and management trainee at W.R. Grace Co., which employed emigre Nazis after WWII. Robertson was also godfather of the child of company president J. Peter Grace, who was head of the Knights of Malta in the United States and a key figure in the CIA's Operation Paperclip to remove classified information from dossiers on Nazi war criminals.

Pat Robertson's ancestor, Winston Churchill, known among European scholars as the Godfather of the United States of Europe (a term he is said to have coined), spoke of his vision for world government in an address to Zurich University in 1946:

"I have always believed, as I declared in the war, that a Council of Europe was a subordinate but necessary part of the world organization. I thought at that time, when I had great responsibility, that there should be several regional councils, august but subordinate, that these should form the massive pillars upon which the world organization would be founded in majesty and calm. This was the direction in which my hopes and thought lay three or four years ago. To take an example from the military sphere, with which our hard experiences have made us all familiar, the design for world government might have followed the system of three or more groups of armies--in this case armies of peace--under one supreme headquarters. Thus I saw the vast Soviet Union forming one of these great groups. The Council of Europe, including Great Britain linked with her Empire and Commonwealth, would be another. Thirdly, there was the United States and her sister republics in the Western Hemisphere with all their great spheres of interest and influence..."
The Ambassador Report which included the aforementioned excerpt commented upon the singular esteem of Winston Churchill by the Worldwide Church of God:
"...for so many years Churchill was not only portrayed by WCG ministers as the greatest of all twentieth century British leaders (which he probably was), but one who represented, not liberal Internationalist ideas, but the kind of British spirit that stood for God, country, empire--'Anglo-Israel' values to Worldwiders. Yet, it seems, the real Churchill was a far more complex man and a far greater visionary than he has been portrayed by the likes of Herbert Armstrong..." [Ambassador Report, Sept. 1977]
Great Britain's subversion of America depends upon the use of religion as a cover, and specifically the Pentecostal Movement of which Robertson is a leading figure and many Discernment leaders, such as Jewel van der Merwe who is an ordained minister in the Assemblies of God. It is noteworthy that Pat Robertson's diamond mine ventures have their precedent in Cecil Rhodes' exploitation of the diamond and gold fields of South Africa underwritten by Lord Rothschild. Of interest, Robertson studied for a time at the London School of Economics, founded by the Fabian Society and took his ordination at the Freemason Baptist Church in Norfolk, VA (1987 Current Biography Yearbook, p. 477; Sara Diamond, Spiritual Warfare, p. 13)

The London School of Economics was and is funded by the Ford Foundation, "...[for] the training of the superior manpower needed to carry out schemes of reform... [Founder and president Sidney] Webb who could not wait until a new race of supermen had been bred up to establish the millennium, felt that improved education and intelligent politics would at least start the necessary process of regeneration." (MacKenzie, The Fabians, Simon & Schuster, 1977, p. 291]

Under the LSE directorship of Sidney and Beatrice Webb, an elite group of Twelve Wise Men, which included Bertrand Russell and H.G. Wells, were selected as the "Co-Efficients" who met to discuss and formulate:

"Ideas about racial improvement by selecting out the efficient…and [George Bernard] Shaw was working on these 'eugenic' notions in his new play Man and Superman. Beatrice Webb called it 'the most important of all questions, the breeding of the right sort of man.'" (Ibid., p. 291)
Anton Chaitkin's groundbreaking article on the British Intelligence creation of Pentecostalism traces the current religious operation in the United States to the Rhodes eugenics operation through Oxford University's Rhodes Scholarship program. Yes, there is a fifth column of British elite in America who are still loyal to the dominionist and eugenics ambitions of Great Britain.
The Round Table group had been organized by South Africa's British governor, Lord Alfred Milner, to fulfill the strategy of British South Africa leader Cecil Rhodes for a new-style white racialist world empire, in which the annoying independence of the republican United States, in particular, was to be extinguished. The core of the Round Table group was assembled from among the aides to Lord Milner in South Africa. Lord Lothian was the first editor of the Round Table quarterly, and was the chief executive of the Rhodes Trust, administering the Rhodes Scholarships to bring Americans and other "colonial" students to Oxford University...The danger involved in this British initiative is not a matter of wrong or heretical religious beliefs. At issue is the buildup of a hostile. irrational, foreign-directed network within our military and civilian political life.
Two documents on our website present evidence of the continued work in our century of the Milner Round Table. Mystery Man: George Louis Beer served from 1915-18 as American correspondent for The Round Table and one of the originators of the Royal Institute of International Affairs in London and its American branch, The Council on Foreign Relations. The Belmont Brotherhood, an expose of the conspiratorial foundations of the John Birch Society, includes a section on the Pilgrim Society and English-Speaking Union from a speech presented to the U.S. House of Representatives.

Application of the Duck Rule would include in this British-Israel imperialist network such as Sir Anthony Buzzard, whose Oxford education, nomination for the Oxford-based Templeton Prize, not to mention his Restoration Fellowship based on Unitarian British-Israel Replacement Theology, connections with the Worldwide Church of God and family connections with the Bilderbergers, Fabian Society and RIIA, are credentials worthy of Cecil Rhodes' Society of the Elect!